GEREJA SEBAGAI PERSEKUTUAN PERSAHABATAN YANG TERBUKA MENURUT JÜRGEN MOLTMANN
By using a qualitative descriptive approach, this article shows that according to Moltmann, the concept of the church as fellowship or Koinonia is too often based on uniformity. Against the Koinonia model, Moltmann raised the biblical concept of the importance of strangers and travelers, outcasts, and sinners. According to Moltmann, the church cannot be a boat of sameness in navigating the ocean of diversity. Therefore, Moltmann offers the concept of a trinitarian partnership based on friendship. For Moltmann, the good news about Koinonia from the Triune God is not marked by friendship in uniformity, but by a bond that unites, respects, and embraces differences. True Koinonia means more than just accepting and embracing tension and conflict. True Koinonia is about accepting and embracing each other (and also God). The ultimate sign of true Koinonia is friendship. Moltmann emphasized the church's call to be an open fellowship of friendship by promoting freedom, equality, and love. Moltmann, at the same time, put forward a criticism of the church structure which - in Moltmann's terms - was built on the principle of monotheistic hierarchy, which was actually loaded with oppression.
Adimihardja, K. (2011). Metode Penelitian Sosial : Suatu Teknik Penelitian Bidang Kesejahteraan Sosial Dan Ilmu Sosial Lainnya (J. Budhi (ed.)). PT Remaja Rosdakarya.
Adiprasetya, J. (2002). Berteologi dalam Perjumpaan dengan yang lain. Jurnal Teologi Proklamasi, 2(1), 45–54.
Adiprasetya, J. (2018). The Good yet Missing Innkeeper and the Possibility of Open Ecclesiology. In Ecclesiology. https://doi.org/10.1163/17455316-01402006
Baghi, F. (2012). Pengakuan, Hospitalitas, Persahabatan (Etika Politik dan Postmodernisme). Ledalero.
Derrida, J. (2005). The Politics of Friendship, terj. George Collins. Verso.
Gunawan, L. (2019). Spiritualitas Gereja Persahabatan: Memikirkan Ulang Konsep Bergereja dalam Konteks Dunia yang Serba Terhubung. Quaerens: Journal of Theology and Christian Education, 1(1), 67–78. https://doi.org/10.46362/quaerens.v1i1.17
Hegstad, H. (2013). The Real Church: An Ecclesiology of the Visible. Pickwick Publications.
Karkkainen, V.-M. (2005). The Trinitarian Doctrines of Jurgen Moltmann and Wolfhart Pannenberg in the Context of Contemporary Discussion. In P. C. Phan (Ed.), The Cambridge Companion to the Trinity (hal. 223–242). Cambridge University Press.
Karkkainen, V.-M. (2017). Hope and Community: A Constructive Christian Theology for the Pluralistic World. Eerdmans publishing Company.
Knitter, P. F. (2008). Pengantar Teologi Agama-agama. Kanisius.
Kristeva, J. (1991). Strangers to Ourselves , terj. Leon S. Roudiez. Columbia University Press.
Lakawa, S. E. (2002). Perempuan Sebagai yang Lain: Keberanian Menggeser Paradigma Berteologi. Jurnal Teologi Proklamasi, 2(1), 13–44.
Levinas, E. (2000). Time and Other, terj. Ricard A. Cohen. Duquesne University Press.
McDugall, J. A. (2005). Pilgrimage of Love: Moltmann on the Trinity and Christian Life. Oxford University Press.
Moltmann, J. (1975). Theology of Hope. Harper & Row.
Moltmann, J. (1979). Hope for the Church. Abingdon Press.
Moltmann, J. (1993). Trinity and the Kingdom: The Doctine of God. Fortress Press.
Rhodes, J. S. (2000). Jürgen Moltmann: The Comfort And Challenge of Open Friendship. The Asbury Theological Journal, 55(1), 41–49.
Sasongko, N. (2015). Toward a Nonviolent Koinonia. Ecclesiology. https://doi.org/10.1163/17455316-01103005
Slade, P. (2009). Open Friendship In A Closed Society: Mission Mississippi and A Theology of Friendship. Oxford University Press.
Tinambunan, D., & Toruan, R. L. (2010). Orang Batak Kasar? Membangun Citra dan karakter. Elex Media Komputindo.
Volf, M. (1998). After Our Likeness: The Church as the Image of the Trinity. Eerdmans publishing Company.
Copyright (c) 2020 Yohanes Krismantyo Susanta
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
- Author (s) is the copyright holder of the published article, without restriction.
- Visio Dei: Jurnal Teologi Kristen has a non-exclusive right to publish the author's article and is recognized as the first publisher of the article.